Air pollution is now the number one environmental risk of premature death, responsible for more than 6 million premature deaths each year from heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, and respiratory diseases. That’s more than deaths from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined.
Harmful chemicals escape in the environment through a range of natural and/or anthropogenic activities and can have adverse effects on human health and the environment. The increase in the burning of fossil fuels over the last century is responsible for the progressive change in atmospheric composition. Air pollutants such as carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ozone (O3), heavy metals, and respirable fine dust particles (PM2.5 and PM10) differ in their chemical composition, their reaction properties, their emission, their decay time and their ability to diffuse over long or short distances. Air pollution has both acute and chronic effects on human health, affecting a range of different systems and organs.
What are the health consequences of air pollution for the population?
Exposure to high levels of air pollution can have a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease, and lung cancer. Both short-term and long-term exposure to air pollutants has been linked to health effects. Those most affected are those who are already ill. Children, the elderly, and the poor are more vulnerable. The most harmful pollutants, which are closely related to excess premature mortality, are a particulate matter of PM2.5, which penetrates deep into the lungs.
General Health Effects
Even healthy people can experience health effects from polluted air, including respiratory irritation or difficulty breathing during exercise or outdoor activities. High levels of air pollution can cause immediate health problems including:
- Aggravation of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
- Extra stress on the heart and lungs, which have to work harder to oxygenate the body.
- Damaged cells in the respiratory system.
Prolonged exposure to polluted air can cause permanent health effects. such as:
- Accelerated aging of the lungs
- Loss of lung capacity and decreased lung function
- Development of diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly cancer Shorter lifespans Individuals with heart disease
- Sexual Health Problems
Individuals most vulnerable to serious health problems from air pollution include:
- Coronary artery disease, or congestive heart failure
- Individuals with lung conditions such as asthma, emphysema, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Pregnant women who work outdoors
- Older adults and older people
- Children under 14
- Athletes who engage in vigorous outdoor activity
New research published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine suggests that regular exposure to toxic car exhaust is associated with higher rates of erectile dysfunction. After that doctor can suggest medicine like Cenforce 150mg, Fildena 100mg, Vidalista 60mg and many more for the treatment of this sexual disorder erectile dysfunction.
What can citizens do to protect themselves?
Fighting air pollution is everyone’s responsibility. We all need to do more, much more. Fast and proactive to reduce air pollution. There must be a concerted and coordinated effort with the active participation of all sectors, including government, cities, the wider community, and the population.
To national governments:
Reduce emissions and set national standards that comply with WHO air quality guidelines. Invest in research and education on clean air and pollution: they are an essential tool.
To cities and local communities:
Public policies in all sectors must consider public health from the start, followed by sufficient data and tools to assess it. All of us, in governments, corporations, and individuals, are all responsible. Reconsider and reconsider your way of life and consumption and make sustainable decisions for yourself, your children, and your grandchildren.
What is particulate matter or PM?
Particulate matter is the term for particles found in the air, including dust, dirt, soot, smoke, and liquid droplets. Floors. Particles less than 10 microns in diameter (PM10) pose a health concern because they can be inhaled and accumulate in the respiratory tract. Particles less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5) are referred to as “fine” particles and pose the greatest health risks. Due to their small size (approximately 1/30th the width of an average human hair), fine particles can accumulate Particles lodge deep in the lungs.
A recent study found associations between PM2.5, NO2, and O3 exposures and the likelihood of developing erectile dysfunction that failed to reach nominal statistical significance, although exposure to each pollutant was consistently associated with an increased likelihood of developing erectile dysfunction. Though erectile dysfunction can be treated by medications such as Tadalista and Vilitra, it is best to take precautions and breathe clean air.
What are some of the main sources or causes of air pollution?
The main sources of air pollution include inefficient transportation (polluting fuels and vehicles), inefficient burning of household fuels for cooking, lighting, and heating, coal-fired power plants, agriculture, and waste incineration.
What can countries do to reduce air pollution? Interventions to reduce air pollution include developing sustainable transport in cities; implementing waste management; providing access to clean cooking stoves and fuel for the home; Developing the renewable energy and energy efficiency market and implementing reductions in industrial emissions.
Short and long-term exposures have also been associated with premature mortality and reduced life expectancy. Air pollution can affect men’s performance in the bedroom, scientists warn. New research published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine suggests that regular exposure to toxic car exhaust is associated with higher rates of erectile dysfunction.