In the United States, 66% of adult women had a Pap test within the last three years of 2018.
These Pap tests often discover vaginal infections in women who then need treatment.
Diagnosis of these diseases can help a woman’s health improve once treated.
Keep reading to learn about five common vaginal diseases found in women today!
1. Yeast Infections
Yeast infections are one of the most common issues a woman deals with vaginally. A yeast infection occurs when an overgrowth of bacteria takes place. The bacteria, candida, causes discomfort and discharge in the vagina.
The discharge is usually white, resembling cottage cheese. Itching can also cause pain and discomfort to the vulva and vagina. Common causes of yeast infections include:
- Hormonal changes
- Birth control pills
- High blood sugar
Your doctor can treat frequent yeast infections. Find the best gynecologist for a consultation.
2. Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections (UTI) can occur in both women and men. However, women have a greater risk of getting this infection. A UTI happens when an infection targets any part of the urinary system.
A UTI occurs due to an overload of bacteria in the urinary tract. Depending on which area has an infection, symptoms can include:
- Back pain
- Pelvic pain
- Frequent urination
- Burning sensation
Infections are usually treated with antibiotics. Further steps to prevent future UTIs include drinking adequate water, wiping correctly, and avoiding harmful chemicals.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria. It is very contagious, meaning all sexual partners should be treated as well. Most often, women don’t notice they have this infection until symptoms become present.
Symptoms of gonorrhea include discharge, painful urination, and pain during intercourse. Treatment consists of an injection of antibiotics to battle the bacteria.
Chlamydia is also a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria contracted during intercourse. Like gonorrhea, symptoms are not always present to warn you of the disease. Once symptoms set in, they can consist of burning and discharge.
If left untreated, complications to the reproductive system can take place. These complications can include fallopian tube scarring, pelvic pain, and infertility.
Oral antibiotics are taken to treat chlamydia. Always notify your sexual partners so they can get tested as well.
Trichomoniasis is another sexually transmitted infection that is caused by a protozoan called Trichomonas vaginalis. This infection usually occurs with no severe symptoms, meaning most are unaware of the disease.
If you should experience any symptoms, they could include vulva soreness, itching, and painful urination. If left untreated, this infection could cause infertility or issues in pregnancy. Treatment involves the use of oral antibiotics.
The Most Common Vaginal Diseases
All of these common vaginal diseases are important to diagnose and treat for a woman’s overall health.
Consult your doctor if you have any questions or concerns regarding any of these diseases.
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