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Indian Civil Services Examination – A Brief Overview of Indian Polity for the Examination

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The Civil Services Exam is one of the most prestigious and competitive exams in India. Lakhs of candidates appear for this examination on a yearly basis. UPSC conducts Civil Services examination for recruitment in the following  service:

Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Group ‘A’, Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’, Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Customs & Central Excise Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group ‘A’ (Assistant Works Manager, Administration), Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’, Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force, Group ‘A’, Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’, Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’, Indian Corporate Law Service, Group “A”, Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade), Pondicherry Police Service, Group ‘B’, Pondicherry Civil Service, Group ‘B’, Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group ‘B’, Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group ‘B’ Service.

The syllabus covered in the Indian Civil Service examination is too vast ranging from Polity, Science & Technology, Indian and World Geography, Indian and World History, Environment and Ecology, International Relations, Current Affairs.

If the aspiring candidates are not familiar with the type and structure of questions that are asked in the examinations, then they would be at a position of disadvantage when compared to other competitors while preparing for the examination.

Indian Polity is an important section of the UPSC Civil Service examination. The very first amendment to the Articles in Indian Constitution was made in 1950. There are 104 amendments that have been made in the Indian constitution up to January 2020. Currently, the total number of Articles in the Indian Constitution is 448 in 25 parts and 12 schedules. Article 1 to Article 4 deals with the Union and its Territory. Article 12 to Article 35 deals with the Fundamental Rights of the citizens of India.

Articles in the Indian Constitution which cover the Directive Principles of State Policy are from Article 36 to Article 51. Article 51(A) deals with the Fundamental Duties of citizens of India. Article 52 to Article 78, deals with the Executive arm, Article 79 to Article 122 deals with the Parliament of India. The Union Judiciary is covered from Article 124 to Article 147 of the Indian Constitution. 

The relationship between Centre and States is covered from Article 245 to Article 263. Details pertaining to the Amendment of the Constitution are provided in Article 368. In the Mains section of the Civil Services examination, Paper-II covers Governance, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations.

Aspiring candidates need to be thorough in topics related to Comparison of Indian Constitution scheme with that of other countries, separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions; apart from this learn more about functions and responsibilities of Unions and States, issues and challenges pertaining to the Federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.