Origins of Wrestling
The first known signs of the history of wrestling date back to the time of the Sumerians, 5000 years ago. An Epic of Gilgamesh, written in cuneiform, the sculptures, and the low reliefs, are numerous sources that show the first competitions of the referees, accompanied by music.
There are also many historical and archeological traces of Wrestling in ancient Egypt. Between them, it is worth mentioning, in particular, the drawings found in the tombs of Beni-Hassan, depicting 400 pairs of wrestlers. These drawings and many other vestiges, bear witness to the existence of wrestler corporations in ancient Egypt, wrestling rules and referee codes.
Greeks, Wrestling was a big science and a divine art, and it was the most important training for young men. Athletes wrestled nude, their bodies coated with olive oil and covered with a layer of very thin sand to protect the skin from heat and cold in winter. After Wrestling, this surface was scraped off with an instrument called strigil and washed with water.
Fights are similar to those of freestyle wrestling, as shown in the sketches and inscriptions of that period. The winner was declared by the athlete who first threw his opponent or brought him down-either on his back, thighs, chest, knees, or elbows.
Wrestling was the deciding event of the Pentathlon during the Ancient Olympic Games, 708 B.C. It was the last discipline to be held–after the discus, the javelin, the long jump, and the foot race–and is named the winner of the Pentathlon, the only crowned athlete of the Games.
The most popular of all wrestlers was Milon Croton (Pythagorean philosopher’s student), a six-time Olympic champion (540 to 516 B.C.), ten-time Isthmic Games winner, nine-time Nemean Games winner, and five-time Pythic Games, winner. Legend has it that when he was attempting to splinter a tree with his own feet, His fingers were stuck in a split tree trunk, and a lion devoured him.
Rupture and restoration
Wrestling in the Roman Times was developed based on the heritage of the Etruscans and restoration of the Greek games. The Wrestling was the favorite sport of young aristocrats, troops, and shepherds. According to Classics Dion, the palestra was at the root of the Romans’ military success.
In 393, Emperor Theodosius I forbade all pagan games and outlawed the Olympic Games. The Olympic Values sank into the dark Middle Ages, but they were always latent and never ceased to exist. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, social elites, castles, and palaces performed Wrestling. Numerous painters and writers have celebrated Wrestling and encouraged their practice:
Poussin, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Courbet, Rabelais, Rousseau, Montaigne, Locke… It is fascinating that the first book to be printed was published in 1500 and that the German artist Albrecht Dürer’s wrestling manual was published in 1512.
There were numerous attempts to restore the Olympic Games, but it was not until 1896 that Baron Pierre de Coubertin was re-established. With the founding of the (IOC): International Olympic Committee in 1894, the development of new international sports federations and Olympic committees was accelerated.
The first Olympic Congress was held at La Sorbonne in 1894. And decided on ten sports that would be part of the Olympic program: athletics, rowing, Wrestling, cycling, fencing, gymnastics, weightlifting, shooting, swimming, and tennis (see minutes of the congress).
During the Athens Wrestling Tournament, there were no weight categories, and all five participants wrestled under rules identical to those of the Greco-Roman professional Wrestling. The games continued until one of the players had won. It was allowed to resume and interrupt the matches the following day.
The first Olympic champion–the German athlete Schumann –, who was not a trained fighter, was also the winner of the horse jumping and parallel bars. Schumann managed to beat English weightlifting champion Launceston Elliot, who was more substantial than him, by carrying out a quick and accurate body lock.
Paris, in 1900, and for this extraordinary and special event throughout the entire existence of the cutting edge Olympic Games, the Games did exclude Wrestling in their program, even though expert Wrestling was at its best at the Folies Bergères and the Casino de Paris.
Professional Wrestling began around 1830 in France. Wrestlers, who had no other access to the wrestling lite, formed troops that traveled around France to show their talent. As a result, Wrestlers frequented the exhibitors of wild animals, tightrope walkers, and hairy women.
Actors gave wrestlers names, for example, “Edward, the steel eater,” “Gustave d’Avignon, the bone wrecker,” or “Hat, the Ox of the Low Alps” and asked the public to bring them down for 500 francs. In 1848, the French showman, Jean Exbroyat, founded the first modern circus wrestler troupe and, as a rule, established that it was not possible to carry out holdings below the waist.
Upon the death of Mr. Exbroyat in 1872, Mr. Rossignol-Rollin, Lyon’s solicitor, assumed the leadership of this troupe and quickly became aware of his ability to advertise, organize matches and reward wrestlers in the interest of the public.
The French influence was extended to the Austrian Empire of Hungary, Italy, Denmark, and Russia, and the new invention circulated under the name of Greco-Roman wrestling, classic Wrestling, or French Wrestling. As a result, professional wrestling matches have been arranged in Europe with adjustable systems and competition rules according to the preference of wrestlers, managers, and viewers.
In 1898, the Frenchman Paul Pons, also called “Colossus,” was the first professional world champion just before the Polish Ladislaus Pytlasinski. Many great heroes preceded him, such as the Turkish Kara Ahmed (Eastern Monster), the Bulgarian Nikola Petrov (Lion of the Balkans), and the Russian Ivan Poddoubni (Champion of Champions).
End of the 19th century, professional Wrestling was the most common in vogue sport in Europe but began to decline in 1900 due to the pre-arranged matches, the declaration of forgery, fake victories, and false nationalities of the participants. The rediscovery of Olympic amateurism has encouraged the creation of numerous clubs and schools that have finished their professional Wrestling.
However, professional Wrestling has its undisputed merits from a historical point of view. Competitions have helped to make Wrestling more popular, the physical appearance of wrestlers has served as a model for young men, and the training system has allowed amateur wrestling clubs to become more structured quickly.
Modern Olympic Wrestling
Wrestling was first presented during the St. Louis Games in 1904 and was just challenged by American wrestlers. It was uniquely during the fourth Olympic Games in London in 1908 that rivalries were organized the two styles. In Stockholm Olympic Games in 1912, free-form Wrestling was again absent from the program, and glima rivalries (Iceland wrestling) were sorted out. Wrestling matches took place on three outdoor mats. They lasted an hour, but the winners wrestled with no time limit.
The game between Finnish wrestler Alfred Johan Asikainen and Russian Martin Klein lasted 11 hours and 40 minutes and initially appeared on the Guinness Book of Records. The two wrestlers, having the same ranking, were divided by two periods of three minutes of ground wrestling. The Russian finally defeated the Finn, who weighed 8 kilos (17.64 lbs.) more than he did. Exhausted by this game, Martin Klein was unable to beat the Swedish Johansson, who won the gold medal for 75 kilos (165.35 lbs.).
From that date, and promoted by the newly established International Federation, Wrestling has grown in every region. Northern Europe has held the dominance of Greco-Roman Wrestling for many years, while the British and Americans have dominated mainly freestyle wrestling. A hundred years after the inclusion of freestyle wrestling in the Olympic program, world wrestling entered a new era with the acceptance of women’s Wrestling as an Olympic sport at the 2004 Athens Games. This decision is one of the parts of the policy of the IOC aimed at establishing equality in sport and legitimized the efforts made by FILA to support the development of women’s Wrestling since the end of the 1980s.
10 Features for Athlete Development
According to a Michigan State University (MSU) study conducted by the Youth Sports Institute in the early 1990s, almost 70% of young athletes in the United States stopped playing organized sports at the age of 13 because it was no longer fun.
That’s why it’s essential to educate, inform and implement youth sports development strategies and programs that concentrate on long-term athlete growth and not short-term performance, particularly up to 12U level, says Mike Clayton, Director of the National Coaches Education Program for USA Wrestling.
“We want to help share valuable information about the training of athletes and provide the right information at the right stage of their growth so that we can attract more children for our sport, retain them longer, and do all that in the best possible setting,” says Clayton.
In the National Youth Sports Association article “Long-term athletic growth: what coaches and parents need to learn,” Rick Howard, M.Ed., CSCS,* D, explained the roots of the long-term athlete development theory.
“In this way, we can work together is to support long-term athletic development (LTAD),” Howard said. “LTAD was developed in its most modern form by Istvan Balyi in Canada as a means of increasing the number of Canadian Olympic medals, with a podium playground positioning.
The Bali model included sequential phases (defined by the age of the youth) that set the stage for the development of the sport. It was the first model to say that’ peaking by Friday’ or’ creating U-10 fields’ was not the primary goal. The target was to provide young athletes with the physical, technological, tactical, and strategic objectives required to optimize their high-level playing potential.
USA Wrestling listed these ten factors as essential to the success of long-term athletes:
At 12U, coaches need to ensure that students are instructed on how to learn and perform necessary physical skills. “The emphasis should be on skills that will benefit them in their careers, regardless of whether they continue in Wrestling, “says Clayton.
Lucas Steldt, 2018 USAW National Development Coach of the Year and head coach of the Combat Wrestling Club (Blue River, WI), a wrestling school academy that focuses on Greco-Roman wrestling, says that physical fitness comes from learning mechanical skills as a child, such as:
Playing at the playground.
You are playing with neighborhood kids — tag, kickball, hopscotch, four squares, pickup soccer, basketball, and other kids’ games.
1-To better develop physical literacy,
Running, riding a bike, swimming.
Physical field jobs, such as farm work or chores.
However, as youth free time becomes more organized (think playdates versus merely “playing” with neighborhood kids), Steldt sees children who are less physically literate as they join their wrestling club while in high school or high school.
“There is a considerable lack of basic mechanical skills in today’s youth in general, much less athlete,” says Steldt. “If the child comes from a great rural background that has required outdoor physical work or has experienced a play environment, it has proved to be a competent mechanical skill.”
1-To better develop physical literacy,
1-To better develop physical literacy,
2. Specialization: For athletes 12 and under,
USA Wrestling and most sport governing bodies suggest that athletes do not specialize in just one sport. The reason is simple: the skills gained through other games can help to develop all-round fitness and social skills. In a recent study, 70% of Olympic athletes said they were multi-sport athletes through high school. Diversifying activities can also avoid burnout and overuse of injuries.
Dr. Adam Rivadeneyra, a sports medicine specialist at the Hoag Orthopedic Institute in Irvine, California, says the best way to practice proper activity and improve athletic skills is by playing multiple sports while also confirming adequate rest from repetitive movements.
“One of the best things for young athletes can do is learning to move correctly,” says Rivadeneyra. “Kids need to learn how to crawl, lunge, sit and stand with the right stance, run, and leap, step up and down, land from a jump, turn their shoulder blades, tilt their pelvis, throw a ball, drop safely, and even walk correctly. The best way for young children to learn is through free play.
Before their bodies are fully mature physically, concentration and intense emphasis on bigger, quicker, stronger is likely to do more harm than good. “Steldt is a great supporter of Greco-Roman wrestling, but he would rather see kids engaging in multiple sports. Develop physical, motor, and grappling skills; this allows students to compete in gymnastics at a young age and does not prescribe training for any form in Wrestling — or sport — until an athlete is 15–16 years old.
Coaches and parents must understand the correct areas of practice depending on the age of the athlete.
This USA Wrestling Athlete Development Model poster provides general information that can help coaches build age-appropriate training plans.
“The athlete will need to learn how to be trained by others,” says Clayton. “Are they open-minded, huh? Are you receptive to feedback? As a coach, do you show support for the learning suggestions of other coaches?” A good goal: don’t be the last coach of a child!
5. Intellectual/Emotional/Moral Development:
Sport is intended to be a tool that helps train children for real life, not just sports or Wrestling, says Clayton.
“Helping young people to be ready to have a positive impact on society is important,” says Clayton. “Create a set of core values and ensure that children live up to those standards.”
6. Excellence Takes Time:
Don’t judge the successes or failures of your 12U athlete as final. Successor failure means very little at this age. Many wrestlers bloom after 12 years of age, and some who have been very good at 12U won’t make it at 13-plus. Be patient with and help your child’s development, irrespective of progress at younger ages, Clayton says.
Achieving excellence, too, should not be based solely on winning.
“I can’t explain this enough to my family,” Steldt says. “I’ve had this conversation all the time. Excellence can come in some ways. The method is accurate on and off the ground.
Periodization requires systematic repetition of the various aspects of the training program during a specific period, intending to obtain the best possible performance in the most important competition of the year. The secret is how you plan your athlete’s preparation. For periodization, you’re not expected to over-train, so rest and recovery should be part of your training.
Michael Favre, Director of Olympic Sports Strength (OSS) and Conditioning at the University of Michigan, said: “The opportunity to peak at the correct time and in the proper condition is determined by the creation of an evidence-based periodization plan.
As long-term performance is not measured at 12U meets, make sure the athletes are doing enough to be able to maintain a good position during the games. Merely focusing on weekend tournaments as a way to develop as a wrestler is not the right approach. Time in the practice room, learning the fundamentals is more relevant than moving across the state or across the country to participate in local and national competitions seeking to become a youth wrestling age-group legend.
“Competition is just a training tool,” Steldt says. “Misuse it, and you’re not going to get the job done. Used right, the job is done. It’s slipping into periodization. Then you train to compete.
9. System Alignment:
How does your athlete’s learning fit into your community’s development system? Does your 12U club support key development areas so that children are ready to start 13-plus programs?
We are encouraging high school coaches to work with the feeder program so that younger age group coaches can focus on skills that will help foster success at the next level, ” Clayton says, who asks,” Do your community coaches meet and discuss training flow and concepts?
10. Continuous Improvement:
We’re trying to improve what we do daily, “Clayton says. “It is necessary to be open-minded and willing/able to accept positive criticism of ways to improve. This is the secret to athletes, family, and coaches. “Continuous development in Wrestling is like the stock market, says Steldt. But stick to it is one of the long hauls, and change happens over time.” It’s not a straight line up or even a horizontal angle, “Steldt says.” It’s a wild, white water rapids ride. But improvement happens over time if the right athlete competitor finds.
Mentors, guardians, and wrestlers would all be able to cooperate in concentrating on and actualizing long haul competitor advancement systems that guide the improvement of these 10 competitor improvement factors.
“We trust that as mentors create and refine their training theory, they will execute these techniques to guarantee that we make the correct condition for youngsters not exclusively to become familiar with the game yet additionally to figure out how to cherish it,” says Clayton.